0893 001 - WURTH AIR-CONDITIONING DISINFECTANT
Chemwatch Independent Material Safety Data Sheet
Issue Date: 5-Jan-2010
0893 001 - WURTH AIR-CONDITIONING DISINFECTANT
"Manufacturer's Code: 0893 001"
■ Application is by spray atomisation from a hand held aerosol pack.
Used to disinfect refrigerated air conditioner systems.
Company: Wurth Pty Ltd Address: 4 Redwood Drive (abn 48 002 487 096) Dingley VIC, 3172 AUS Telephone: +61 3 9552 9552 Telephone: 1800 331 603 Emergency Tel: 1300 657 765 Fax: +61 3 9551 2994
HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE. DANGEROUS GOODS. According to NOHSC Criteria, and ADG Code.
|■ Extremely flammable.||■ Keep away from sources of ignition. No smoking.|
|■ Harmful if swallowed.||■ Do not breathe gas/ fumes/ vapour/ spray.|
|■ Risk of serious damage to eyes.||■ Wear suitable protective clothing.|
|■ Risk of explosion if heated under confinement.||■ To clean the floor and all objects contaminated by this material use water.|
|■ Vapours may cause drowsiness and dizziness.||■ Keep away from food drink and animal feeding stuffs.|
|■ If swallowed IMMEDIATELY contact Doctor or Poisons Information Centre (show this container or label).|
|■ This material and its container must be disposed of as hazardous waste.|
|benzyl C8- 18 alkyldimethylammonium chloride||63449-41-2||<0.1^|
|non- flammable propellant||NotSpec|
· Not considered a normal route of entry.
· If swallowed do NOT induce vomiting.
· If vomiting occurs, lean patient forward or place on left side (head-down position, if possible) to maintain open airway and prevent aspiration.
· Observe the patient carefully.
· Never give liquid to a person showing signs of being sleepy or with reduced awareness; i.e. becoming unconscious.
· Give water to rinse out mouth, then provide liquid slowly and as much as casualty can comfortably drink.
· Seek medical advice.
■ If aerosols come in contact with the eyes:
· Immediately hold the eyelids apart and flush the eye continuously for at least 15 minutes with fresh running water.
· Ensure complete irrigation of the eye by keeping eyelids apart and away from eye and moving the eyelids by occasionally lifting the upper and lower lids.
· Transport to hospital or doctor without delay.
· Removal of contact lenses after an eye injury should only be undertaken by skilled personnel.
■ If solids or aerosol mists are deposited upon the skin:
· Flush skin and hair with running water (and soap if available).
· Remove any adhering solids with industrial skin cleansing cream.
· DO NOT use solvents.
· Seek medical attention in the event of irritation.
■ If aerosols, fumes or combustion products are inhaled:
· Remove to fresh air.
· Lay patient down. Keep warm and rested.
· Prostheses such as false teeth, which may block airway, should be removed, where possible, prior to initiating first aid procedures.
· If breathing is shallow or has stopped, ensure clear airway and apply resuscitation, preferably with a demand valve resuscitator, bag-valve mask device, or pocket mask as trained. Perform CPR if necessary.
· Transport to hospital, or doctor.
■ Treat symptomatically. For acute or short term repeated exposures to ethanol: · Acute ingestion in non-tolerant patients usually responds to supportive care with special attention to prevention of aspiration, replacement of fluid and correction of nutritional deficiencies (magnesium, thiamine pyridoxine, Vitamins C and K). · Give 50% dextrose (50-100 ml) IV to obtunded patients following blood draw for glucose determination. · Comatose patients should be treated with initial attention to airway, breathing, circulation and drugs of immediate importance (glucose, thiamine). · Decontamination is probably unnecessary more than 1 hour after a single observed ingestion. Cathartics and charcoal may be given but are probably not effective in single ingestions. · Fructose administration is contra-indicated due to side effects.
■ SMALL FIRE: · Water spray, dry chemical or CO2 LARGE FIRE: · Water spray or fog.
· Alert Fire Brigade and tell them location and nature of hazard. · May be violently or explosively reactive. · Wear breathing apparatus plus protective gloves. · Prevent, by any means available, spillage from entering drains or water course. · If safe, switch off electrical equipment until vapour fire hazard removed. · Use water delivered as a fine spray to control fire and cool adjacent area. · DO NOT approach containers suspected to be hot. · Cool fire exposed containers with water spray from a protected location. · If safe to do so, remove containers from path of fire. · Equipment should be thoroughly decontaminated after use. When any large container (including road and rail tankers) is involved in a fire, consider evacuation by 100 metres in all directions.
· Liquid and vapour are highly flammable. · Severe fire hazard when exposed to heat or flame. · Vapour forms an explosive mixture with air. · Severe explosion hazard, in the form of vapour, when exposed to flame or spark. · Vapour may travel a considerable distance to source of ignition. · Heating may cause expansion or decomposition with violent container rupture. · Aerosol cans may explode on exposure to naked flames. · Rupturing containers may rocket and scatter burning materials. · Hazards may not be restricted to pressure effects. · May emit acrid, poisonous or corrosive fumes. · On combustion, may emit toxic fumes of carbon monoxide (CO). Combustion products include: carbon dioxide (CO2), other pyrolysis products typical of burning organic material.
· Avoid contamination with oxidising agents i.e. nitrates, oxidising acids, chlorine bleaches, pool chlorine etc. as ignition may result.
Gas tight chemical resistant suit.
· Clean up all spills immediately. · Avoid breathing vapours and contact with skin and eyes. · Wear protective clothing, impervious gloves and safety glasses. · Shut off all possible sources of ignition and increase ventilation. · Wipe up. · If safe, damaged cans should be placed in a container outdoors, away from all ignition sources, until pressure has dissipated. · Undamaged cans should be gathered and stowed safely.
· Clear area of personnel and move upwind. · Alert Fire Brigade and tell them location and nature of hazard. · May be violently or explosively reactive. · Wear breathing apparatus plus protective gloves. · Prevent, by any means available, spillage from entering drains or water courses · No smoking, naked lights or ignition sources. · Increase ventilation. · Stop leak if safe to do so. · Water spray or fog may be used to disperse / absorb vapour. · Absorb or cover spill with sand, earth, inert materials or vermiculite. · If safe, damaged cans should be placed in a container outdoors, away from ignition sources, until pressure has dissipated. · Undamaged cans should be gathered and stowed safely. · Collect residues and seal in labelled drums for disposal.
Personal Protective Equipment advice is contained in Section 8 of the MSDS.
· DO NOT allow clothing wet with material to stay in contact with skin.
· Avoid all personal contact, including inhalation.
· Wear protective clothing when risk of exposure occurs.
· Use in a well-ventilated area.
· Prevent concentration in hollows and sumps.
· DO NOT enter confined spaces until atmosphere has been checked.
· Avoid smoking, naked lights or ignition sources.
· Avoid contact with incompatible materials.
· When handling, DO NOT eat, drink or smoke.
· DO NOT incinerate or puncture aerosol cans.
· DO NOT spray directly on humans, exposed food or food utensils.
· Avoid physical damage to containers.
· Always wash hands with soap and water after handling.
· Work clothes should be laundered separately.
· Use good occupational work practice.
· Observe manufacturer's storing and handling recommendations.
· Atmosphere should be regularly checked against established exposure standards to ensure safe working conditions are maintained.
· Aerosol dispenser.
· Check that containers are clearly labelled.
· are incompatible with strong acids, acid chlorides, acid anhydrides, oxidising and reducing agents.
· reacts, possibly violently, with alkaline metals and alkaline earth metals to produce hydrogen
· react with strong acids, strong caustics, aliphatic amines, isocyanates, acetaldehyde, benzoyl peroxide, chromic acid, chromium oxide, dialkylzincs, dichlorine oxide, ethylene oxide, hypochlorous acid, isopropyl chlorocarbonate, lithium tetrahydroaluminate, nitrogen dioxide, pentafluoroguanidine, phosphorus halides, phosphorus pentasulfide, tangerine oil, triethylaluminium, triisobutylaluminium
· should not be heated above 49 deg. C. when in contact with aluminium equipment.
· Keep dry to avoid corrosion of cans. Corrosion may result in container perforation and internal pressure may eject contents of can.
· Store in original containers in approved flammable liquid storage area.
· DO NOT store in pits, depressions, basements or areas where vapours may be trapped.
· No smoking, naked lights, heat or ignition sources.
· Keep containers securely sealed. Contents under pressure.
· Store away from incompatible materials.
· Store in a cool, dry, well ventilated area.
· Avoid storage at temperatures higher than 40 deg C.
· Store in an upright position.
· Protect containers against physical damage.
· Check regularly for spills and leaks.
· Observe manufacturer's storing and handling recommendations.
|Source||Material||TWA ppm||TWA mg/m³||STEL ppm||STEL mg/m³||Notes|
|Australia Exposure Standards||n-propanol (Propyl alcohol)||200||492||250||614||Sk|
|Australia Exposure Standards||ethanol (Ethyl alcohol)||1000||1880|
The following materials had no OELs on our records
|• benzyl C8-18 alkyldimethylammonium chloride:||CAS:63449-41-2 CAS:51668-62-3|
|Material||Revised IDLH Value (mg/m3)||Revised IDLH Value (ppm)|
0893 001 - WURTH AIR-CONDITIONING DISINFECTANT: Not available N-PROPANOL: ■ For n-propanol: IDLH Level: 800 ppm Odour threshold level: 0.13-30 ppm. Because n-propanol has the same biological effects as isopropanol but is less toxic, the TLV-TWA is intermediate between the limits for isopropyl alcohol and the butanols. Exposure at or below this limit is thought to protect the worker against the significant risk of narcosis and irritation. Odour Safety Factor(OSF) OSF=77 (n-PROPANOL). Exposed individuals are reasonably expected to be warned, by smell, that the Exposure Standard is being exceeded. Odour Safety Factor (OSF) is determined to fall into either Class A or B. The Odour Safety Factor (OSF) is defined as: OSF= Exposure Standard (TWA) ppm/ Odour Threshold Value (OTV) ppm Classification into classes follows:
|A||550||Over 90% of exposed individuals are aware by smell that the Exposure Standard (TLV-TWA for example) is being reached, even when distracted by working activities|
|B||26-550||As "A" for 50-90% of persons being distracted|
|C||1-26||As "A" for less than 50% of persons being distracted|
|D||0.18-1||10-50% of persons aware of being tested perceive by smell that the Exposure Standard is being reached|
|E||<0.18||As "D" for less than 10% of persons aware of being tested|
■ No special equipment for minor exposure i.e. when handling small quantities. OTHERWISE: For potentially moderate or heavy exposures: · Safety glasses with side shields. · NOTE: Contact lenses pose a special hazard; soft lenses may absorb irritants and ALL lenses concentrate them.
· No special equipment needed when handling small quantities. · OTHERWISE: · For potentially moderate exposures: · Wear general protective gloves, eg. light weight rubber gloves. · For potentially heavy exposures: · Wear chemical protective gloves, eg. PVC. and safety footwear.
· The clothing worn by process operators insulated from earth may develop static charges far higher (up to 100 times) than the minimum ignition energies for various flammable gas-air mixtures. This holds true for a wide range of clothing materials including cotton. · Avoid dangerous levels of charge by ensuring a low resistivity of the surface material worn outermost. BRETHERICK: Handbook of Reactive Chemical Hazards. No special equipment needed when handling small quantities. OTHERWISE: · Overalls. · Skin cleansing cream. · Eyewash unit. · Do not spray on hot surfaces.
■ Selection of the Class and Type of respirator will depend upon the level of breathing zone contaminant and the chemical nature of the contaminant. Protection Factors (defined as the ratio of contaminant outside and inside the mask) may also be important.
|Breathing Zone Level ppm (volume)||Maximum Protection Factor||Half-face Respirator||Full-Face Respirator|
■ General exhaust is adequate under normal conditions. If risk of overexposure exists, wear SAA approved respirator. Correct fit is essential to obtain adequate protection. Provide adequate ventilation in warehouse or closed storage areas.
■ Supplied as an aerosol pack. Contents under PRESSURE. Contains highly flammable hydrocarbon propellant. Clear colourless liquid with an alcoholic odour; miscible with water. Supplied in aerosol pack containing non-flammable propellant.
Mixes with water.
|State||Liquid||Molecular Weight||Not Applicable|
|Melting Range (ºC)||Not Available||Viscosity||Not Available|
|Boiling Range (ºC)||Not Available||Solubility in water (g/L)||Miscible|
|Flash Point (ºC)||30 (solvent)||pH (1% solution)||Not Available|
|Decomposition Temp (ºC)||Not Available||pH (as supplied)||7.0|
|Autoignition Temp (ºC)||>360 (solvent)||Vapour Pressure (kPa)||Under pressure|
|Upper Explosive Limit (%)||15.0 (solvent)||Specific Gravity (water=1)||0.77|
|Lower Explosive Limit (%)||2.1 (solvent)||Relative Vapour Density (air=1)||Not Available|
|Volatile Component (%vol)||60 (solvent)||Evaporation Rate||Fast|
· Elevated temperatures.
· Presence of open flame.
· Product is considered stable.
· Hazardous polymerisation will not occur.
For incompatible materials - refer to Section 7 - Handling and Storage.
■ Accidental ingestion of the material may be harmful; animal experiments indicate that ingestion of less than 150 gram may be fatal or may produce serious damage to the health of the individual. Not normally a hazard due to physical form of product. Considered an unlikely route of entry in commercial/industrial environments.
■ If applied to the eyes, this material causes severe eye damage. Not considered to be a risk because of the extreme volatility of the gas.
■ There is some evidence to suggest that the material may cause moderate inflammation of the skin either following direct contact or after a delay of some time. Repeated exposure can cause contact dermatitis which is characterised by redness, swelling and blistering. Spray mist may produce discomfort. Open cuts, abraded or irritated skin should not be exposed to this material.
■ Inhalation of vapours may cause drowsiness and dizziness. This may be accompanied by sleepiness, reduced alertness, loss of reflexes, lack of co-ordination, and vertigo. Inhalation hazard is increased at higher temperatures. Inhalation of high concentrations of gas/vapour causes lung irritation with coughing and nausea, central nervous depression with headache and dizziness, slowing of reflexes, fatigue and inco-ordination. WARNING:Intentional misuse by concentrating/inhaling contents may be lethal.
■ When administered to rats by intubation (0.3 ml/kg twice each week for a total dosage of 50 ml) n-propanol produced severe liver injury and hyperplasia, malignant tumours (myeloid leukaemia, liver sarcomas, liver cell carcinoma) and benign tumours. When administered by subcutaneous injection an increased incidence of malignant and benign tumours was recorded. Principal routes of exposure are by accidental skin and eye contact and by inhalation of vapours especially at higher temperatures.
■ Not available. Refer to individual constituents. N-PROPANOL: ■ unless otherwise specified data extracted from RTECS - Register of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances.
|Oral (woman) LDLo: 5700 mg/kg||Skin (rabbit): 500 mg Open Mild|
|Oral (rat) LD50: 1870 mg/kg||Skin (rabbit): 20 mg/24h Moderate|
|Dermal (rabbit) LD50: 5040 mg/kg||Eye (rabbit): 4 mg Open SEVERE|
|Eye (rabbit): 20 mg/24h Moderate|
|Oral (rat) LD50: 7060 mg/kg||Skin (rabbit):20 mg/24hr-Moderate|
|Oral (human) LDLo: 1400 mg/kg||Skin (rabbit):400 mg (open)-Mild|
|Oral (man) TDLo: 50 mg/kg||Eye (rabbit):100mg/24hr-Moderate|
|Oral (man) TDLo: 1.40 mg/kg||Eye (rabbit): 500 mg SEVERE|
|Oral (woman) TDLo: 256 mg/kg/12 wks|
|Inhalation (rat) LC50: 20,000 ppm/10h|
|Inhalation (rat) LC50: 64000 ppm/4h|
|Ethanol in alcoholic beverages||International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) - Agents Reviewed by the IARC Monographs||Group||1|
|n-propanol||Australia Exposure Standards - Skin||Notes||Sk|
Refer to data for ingredients, which follows: 0893 001 - WURTH AIR-CONDITIONING DISINFECTANT: ETHANOL: N-PROPANOL: ■ DO NOT discharge into sewer or waterways. 0893 001 - WURTH AIR-CONDITIONING DISINFECTANT: Marine Pollutant: Not Determined N-PROPANOL: ■ Algae IC50 (72hr.) (mg/l): 255- 3100 ■ log Kow (Sangster 1997): 0.25 ■ log Pow (Verschueren 1983): 0.34 ■ BOD5: 0.47- 1.05 ■ ThOD: 2.4 ■ For n-propanol: log Kow : 0.25-0.34 Half-life (hr) air : 6.7 Half-life (hr) H2O surface water : 6.5 Henry's atm m3 /mol: 6.85E-06 BOD 5: 1.43-1.6 g O2/g BOD 20: <2 g O2/g COD : 91% ThOD : 1.8 g O2/g BCF : 0.7 Ecological information: High biochemical oxygen demand and a potential to cause oxygen depletion in aqueous systems, a low potential to affect aquatic organisms, a low potential to affect secondary waste treatment microbial metabolism. n-Propanol is expected to biodegrade and is not expected to persist for long periods in aquatic environments. When diluted with a large amount of water, n-propanol is not expected to have a significant impact. ETHANOL: ■ Fish LC50 (96hr.) (mg/l): 13480 ■ Algae IC50 (72hr.) (mg/l): 1450 ■ log Kow (Sangster 1997): - 0.3 ■ BOD5: 63% ■ ThOD: 2.1 ■ Half- life Soil - High (hours): 24 ■ Half- life Soil - Low (hours): 2.6 ■ Half- life Air - High (hours): 122 ■ Half- life Air - Low (hours): 12.2 ■ Half- life Surface water - High (hours): 26 ■ Half- life Surface water - Low (hours): 6.5 ■ Half- life Ground water - High (hours): 52 ■ Half- life Ground water - Low (hours): 13 ■ Aqueous biodegradation - Aerobic - High (hours): 26 ■ Aqueous biodegradation - Aerobic - Low (hours): 6.5 ■ Aqueous biodegradation - Anaerobic - High (hours): 104 ■ Aqueous biodegradation - Anaerobic - Low (hours): 26 ■ Aqueous biodegradation - Removal secondary treatment - High (hours): 67% ■ Photooxidation half- life water - High (hours): 3.20E+05 ■ Photooxidation half- life water - Low (hours): 8020 ■ Photooxidation half- life air - High (hours): 122 ■ Photooxidation half- life air - Low (hours): 12.2 ■ When ethanol is released into the soil it readily and quickly biodegrades but may leach into ground water; most is lost by evaporation. When released into water the material readily evaporates and is biodegradable. Ethanol does not bioaccumulate to an appreciable extent. The material is readily degraded by reaction with photochemically produced hydroxy radicals; release into air will result in photodegradation and wet deposition. Environmental Fate: TERRESTRIAL FATE: An estimated Koc value of 1 indicates that ethanol is expected to have very high mobility in soil. Volatilisation of ethanol from moist soil surfaces is expected to be an important fate process given a Henry's Law constant of 5X10-6 atm-m3/mole. The potential for volatilization of ethanol from dry soil surfaces may exist based upon an extrapolated vapor pressure of 59.3 mm Hg Biodegradation is expected to be an important fate process for ethanol based on half-lives on the order of a few days for ethanol in sandy soil/groundwater microcosms AQUATIC FATE: An estimated Koc value of 1 indicates that ethanol is not expected to adsorb to suspended solids and sediment. Volatilisation from water surfaces is expected based upon a Henry's Law constant of 5X10-6 atm-m3/mole. Using this Henry's Law constant and an estimation method, volatilisation half-lives for a model river and model lake are 3 and 39 days, respectively.An estimated BCF= 3, from a log Kow of -0.31 suggests bioconcentration in aquatic organisms is low. Hydrolysis and photolysis in sunlit surface waters is not expected to be an important environmental fate process for ethanol since this compound lacks functional groups that hydrolyse or absorb light under environmentally relevant conditions. Ethanol was degraded with half-lives on the order of a few days in aquatic studies conducted using microcosms constructed with a low organic sandy soil and groundwater, indicating it is unlikely to be persistent in aquatic environments(8). ATMOSPHERIC FATE: Ethanol, which has an extrapolated vapor pressure of 59.3 mm Hg at 25 deg C, is expected to exist solely as a vapor in the ambient atmosphere. Vapor-phase ethanol is degraded in the atmosphere by reaction with photochemically-produced hydroxyl radicals; the half-life for this reaction in air is estimated to be 5 days, calculated from its rate constant of 3.3X10-12 m3/molecule-sec at 25 deg C. Ecotoxicity: log Kow : -0.31- -0.32 Half-life (hr) air : 144 Half-life (hr) H2O surface water : 144 Henry's atm m3 /mol: 6.29E-06 BOD 5 if unstated: 0.93-1.67,63% COD : 1.99-2.11,97% ThOD : 2.1.
|Ingredient||Persistence: Water/Soil||Persistence: Air||Bioaccumulation||Mobility|
■ Legislation addressing waste disposal requirements may differ by country, state and/ or territory. Each user must refer to laws operating in their area. In some areas, certain wastes must be tracked.
A Hierarchy of Controls seems to be common - the user should investigate:
· Disposal (if all else fails)
This material may be recycled if unused, or if it has not been contaminated so as to make it unsuitable for its intended use. If it has been contaminated, it may be possible to reclaim the product by filtration, distillation or some other means. Shelf life considerations should also be applied in making decisions of this type. Note that properties of a material may change in use, and recycling or reuse may not always be appropriate.
· DO NOT allow wash water from cleaning or process equipment to enter drains.
· It may be necessary to collect all wash water for treatment before disposal.
· In all cases disposal to sewer may be subject to local laws and regulations and these should be considered first.
· Where in doubt contact the responsible authority.
· Consult State Land Waste Management Authority for disposal.
· Discharge contents of damaged aerosol cans at an approved site.
· Allow small quantities to evaporate.
· DO NOT incinerate or puncture aerosol cans.
· Bury residues and emptied aerosol cans at an approved site.
Labels Required: FLAMMABLE GAS
|Class or division:||2||Subsidiary risk:||None|
|UN No.:||1950||UN packing group:||None|
|Special provisions:||63, 190, 277, 327||Packing Instructions:||None|
|Notes:||None||Limited quantities:||See SP 277|
|Portable tanks and bulk containers - Instructions:||None||Portable tanks and bulk containers - Special provisions:||None|
|Packagings and IBCs - Packing instruction:||P003, LP02||Packagings and IBCs - Special packing provisions:||PP17, PP87, L2|
|Class or division:||2||Subsidiary risk:||None|
|UN No.:||1950||UN packing group:||None|
|ICAO/IATA Class:||2.1||ICAO/IATA Subrisk:||None|
|UN/ID Number:||1950||Packing Group:||-|
|IMDG Class:||2.1||IMDG Subrisk:||SP63|
|UN Number:||1950||Packing Group:||None|
|EMS Number:||F-D,S-U||Special provisions:||63 190 277 327 959|
|Limited Quantities:||See SP277||Marine Pollutant:||Not Determined|
Regulations for ingredients
"Australia Exposure Standards","Australia Hazardous Substances","Australia High Volume Industrial Chemical List (HVICL)","Australia Inventory of Chemical Substances (AICS)","GESAMP/EHS Composite List of Hazard Profiles - Hazard evaluation of substances transported by ships","IMO IBC Code Chapter 17: Summary of minimum requirements","IMO MARPOL 73/78 (Annex II) - List of Noxious Liquid Substances Carried in Bulk","IMO Provisional Categorization of Liquid Substances - List 2: Pollutant only mixtures containing at least 99% by weight of components already assessed by IMO","OECD Representative List of High Production Volume (HPV) Chemicals"
"Australia Exposure Standards","Australia Hazardous Substances","Australia High Volume Industrial Chemical List (HVICL)","Australia Illicit Drug Reagents/Essential Chemicals - Category III","Australia Inventory of Chemical Substances (AICS)","Australia National Pollutant Inventory","Australia Standard for the Uniform Scheduling of Drugs and Poisons (SUSDP) - Schedule 5","GESAMP/EHS Composite List of Hazard Profiles - Hazard evaluation of substances transported by ships","IMO IBC Code Chapter 18: List of products to which the Code does not apply","IMO MARPOL 73/78 (Annex II) - List of Other Liquid Substances","IMO Provisional Categorization of Liquid Substances - List 2: Pollutant only mixtures containing at least 99% by weight of components already assessed by IMO","International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) - Agents Reviewed by the IARC Monographs","International Air Transport Association (IATA) Dangerous Goods Regulations","International Council of Chemical Associations (ICCA) - High Production Volume List","OECD Representative List of High Production Volume (HPV) Chemicals"
|benzyl C8-18 alkyldimethylammonium chloride||63449-41-2, 51668-62-3|
■ Established occupational exposure limits frequently do not take into consideration reproductive end points that are clearly below the thresholds for other toxic effects. Occupational reproductive guidelines (ORGs) have been suggested as an additional standard. These have been established after a literature search for the reproductive no-observed-adverse effect-level (NOAEL) and the lowest-observed-adverse-effect-level (LOAEL). In addition the US EPA's procedures for risk assessment for hazard identification and dose-response assessment as applied by NIOSH were used in the creation of such limits. Uncertainty factors (UFs) have also been incorporated.
■ Classification of the preparation and its individual components has drawn on official and authoritative sources as well as independent review by the Chemwatch Classification committee using available literature references.
A list of reference resources used to assist the committee may be found at:
■ The (M)SDS is a Hazard Communication tool and should be used to assist in the Risk Assessment. Many factors determine whether the reported Hazards are Risks in the workplace or other settings. Risks may be determined by reference to Exposures Scenarios. Scale of use, frequency of use and current or available engineering controls must be considered.
This document is copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purposes of private study, research, review or
criticism, as permitted under the Copyright Act, no part may be reproduced by any process without written
permission from CHEMWATCH. TEL (+61 3) 9572 4700.
Issue Date: 5-Jan-2010
Print Date: 5-Jan-2010
This is the end of the MSDS.